Survival of Clarias gariepinus fry in earthern ponds: effects of composts and leaks
- To inform decisions on improving the yields of African catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings in earthen ponds, the hypothesis that composts and leaks were partly responsible for usually low and variable fry survivals was tested, through comparison of treatments and simple regression. The occurrence of amphibians was significantly higher (P<0.05) and survival of fry was significantly lower (P<0.02) in ponds with composts than in those without. The survival of fry and fingerlings in earthen ponds was negatively correlated with their night leaking rates and regression analysis yielded the equations y=-13.31x+82.56 for fry and y=-6.97x+95.29 for fingerlings, where y is the survival of fry or fingerlings in a holding pond and x is the leaking rate of the pond. Realizing how negatively the existence of composts and leaks could affect the survival of fry and fingerlings, fertilizing unfenced ponds with composts and sterilizing nursery ponds by drying were proscribed.
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- Sustainable aquaculture 
- Journal Article