Trophic model of the coastal fisheries ecosystem in the Gulf of Thailand
- The biomass of 40 ecological groups, the diet composition of prey and predators, production/biomass (P/B) and consumption/biomass (Q/B) ratios, and catches were used as basic input to parameterize an Ecopath model of the Gulf of Thailand. Following construction of a mass-balance ecosystem model, a time-dynamic simulation model (Ecosim) was used to simulate the impact of change in fishing effort. This was done using time series data to validate the historic fisheries development in the Gulf of Thailand prior to using the model for forward-looking simulations. The time series data used in the analyses were catch and effort data from research vessel trawl surveys and landings data for six groups of fishing gear operating in the Gulf during the period 1973 to 1993. The fish market price and fixed and variable costs of each fleet (as well as profit) were also used as input for the time-series simulations using Ecosim. The results depict changes in biomass and trophic interactions in time (Ecosim) and space (Ecospace). The model was also used to investigate management options or measures for the fisheries of the Gulf of Thailand. Recommendations for future studies using Ecopath with Ecosim are also presented.
- Book Chapter
- Asian Development Bank