Review on community-based fisheries management studies in eastern Indonesia
- Community-based fisheries management (CBFM) may be viewed as a process by which fishers are given the opportunity and responsibility to manage their own resources; define their needs, goals, and aspirations, and make decisions affecting their well-being. Fisheries management is receiving greater attention as it has been realized that, although renewable, fisheries resources are overexploited and demand is increasing by a growing population. There are various objectives of fisheries management (Panayotou, 1982). For the Indonesian context, the objectives of fisheries resource management are to increase fish production and consumption, have a positive trade balance, and increase the income of fishers. This study is about participation of fishers or coastal residents in marine fisheries resource management. The area coverage is the eastern part of Indonesia since this region is dominated by islands and waters and therefore there are many coastal communities who rely on fishing activities. A sense of unity and brotherhood of the fishers in eastern Indonesia is still alive. The shapes of the unity and brotherhood is symbolized by their collective participation in the management of coastal fisheries resources.