Protective Effect of Leek Extract (Allium ampeloprasum L.) on Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Experimentally Challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila
- Leek (Allium ampeloprasum) is one of the most commonly used herbal foods all over the world. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of leek extract on catfish experimentally challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila, a problematic bacterial pathogen that affects various freshwater fish species. Materials and Methods: Aeromonas hydrophila was isolated and identified from catfish showing clinical signs of septicemia. The in vitro activity of leek extract to control the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila was investigated. In the in vivo experiment, about 240 adult catfish (Clarias gariepinus) were fed three different leek extract concentrations (10, 25 and 50 mg kg–1 body weight) for 1 month. Later on, a challenge study was conducted using an identified A. hydrophila strain. Morbidity and mortality were recorded throughout one week post-challenge. Furthermore, the effect of leek extract on some immune-related genes was investigated. Results: Under the in vitro testing, a significant increase (10 and 13 mm) in the inhibition zone was recorded in wells treated with 25 and 50 mg L–1 leak extract, respectively. A significant reduction in fish mortalities was reported in all leek extract treated groups compared to the control group which was given water. TLR1 gene expression was upregulated in fish treated with leek extract while TNFα gene expression was down-regulated. Conclusion: Overall, results suggested that the leek extract has immunostimulating effects that can help control bacterial infections in catfish and probably other fish species.
- Sustainable aquaculture 
- Shimaa El Sayed Mohamed Alihttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0227-8124
- Journal Article
- Asian Network for Scientific Information (ANSINET)