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dc.creatorTilley, A.
dc.creatorHunnam, K.J.
dc.creatorMills, D.J.
dc.creatorSteenbergen, D.J.
dc.creatorGovan, H.
dc.creatorAlonso-Poblacion, E.
dc.creatorRoscher, M.
dc.creatorPereira, M.
dc.creatorRodrigues, P.
dc.creatorAmador, T.
dc.creatorDuarte, A.
dc.creatorGomes, M.
dc.creatorCohen, P.J.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-07T06:43:24Z
dc.date.available2019-08-07T06:43:24Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Marine Science, 6: 392
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12348/3753
dc.description.abstractFisheries co-management is an increasingly globalized concept, and a cornerstone of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, adopted by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization member states in 2014. Timor-Leste is a politically young country in the relatively rare position of having underexploited fisheries in some areas that can be leveraged to improve coastal livelihood outcomes and food and nutrition security. The collaborative and decentralized characteristics of co-management appeal to policymakers in Timor-Leste with provisions for co-management and customary laws applied to resource use were incorporated into state law in 2004 and again reinforced in 2012 revisions. The first fisheries co-management pilots have commenced where management arrangements have been codified through tara bandu, a process of setting local laws built around ritual practice that prohibits nominated activities under threat of spiritual and material sanctions. To date, however, there has been little critical evaluation of the suitability or potential effectiveness of co-management or tara bandu in the Timor-Leste fisheries context. To address this gap, we adapted the interactive governance framework to review the ecological, social and governance characteristics of Timor-Leste’s fisheries to explore whether co-management offers a valid and viable resource governance model. We present two co-management case studies and examine how they were established, who was involved, the local institutional structures, and the fisheries governance challenges they sought to address. Despite their relative proximity, the two sites contrasted in local ecology and fishery type; community institutions were starkly different but equally strong; and one site had tangible economic benefits to justify compliance, where the other had marginal and anecdotal fishery gains. In our review of the broader governance landscape in Timor-Leste, we see co-management as a useful mechanism to govern small-scale fisheries, but there is a need to connect legitimized local institutions with hierarchical governance of higher and external influences. Initial successes with implementing tara bandu incorporating a small marine closure have stimulated other communities to implement no-take zones – one universally popular but very limited interpretation of co-management. However, we highlight the need for a set of guiding principles to ensure legitimate community engagement, and avoid external appropriation that may reinforce marginalization of certain user groups or customary power hierarchies.
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageEn
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.sourceFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.titleEvaluating the fit of co-management for small-scale fisheries governance in Timor-Leste
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.bibliographicCitationTilley, A. et al. (2019). Evaluating the fit of co-management for small-scale fisheries governance in Timor-Leste. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6: 392
dc.description.versionPeer Review
cg.contributor.crpFISH
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
cg.contributor.funderFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
cg.contributor.projectCRP FISH
cg.contributor.projectExploring options for improving livelihoods and resource management in Timor-Leste’s coastal communities
cg.contributor.projectFisheries comanagement towards development impacts in Asia
cg.coverage.countryTimor-Leste
cg.coverage.regionSouth East Asia
cg.identifier.worldfish4416
cg.subject.agrovocsmall-scale fisheries
cg.subject.agrovocco-management
cg.subject.agrovoccoastal fisheries
cg.subject.agrovoclocal communities
cg.subject.agrovocmarine environment
cg.subject.agrovocpolicies
cg.subject.agrovocgovernance
cg.subject.agrovoclivelihoods
cg.subject.agrovocfood security
cg.contributor.affiliationWorldFish
cg.contributor.affiliationCharles Darwin University
cg.contributor.affiliationThe Australian National University
cg.contributor.affiliationARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Wollongong
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of the South Pacific
cg.contributor.affiliationLocally Managed Marine Area Network
cg.contributor.affiliationSpain Arthropology Lab, Spain
cg.contributor.affiliationTimor-Leste Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
cg.contributor.affiliationEcosphere Ltd.
cg.identifier.statusOpen access
cg.identifier.ISIindexedISI indexed
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorTilley, A.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorHunnam, K.J.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorMills, D.J.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorRoscher, M.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorPereira, M.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorDuarte, A.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorGomes, M.
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorCohen, P.J.
cg.description.themeResilient small-scale fisheries
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00392en_US
cg.identifier.urlhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00392
cg.creator.idAlexander Tilley: 0000-0002-6363-0945
cg.creator.idMatthew Roscher: 0000-0002-3408-8763
cg.creator.idPhilippa Cohen: 0000-0002-9987-1943


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