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dc.creatorKabir, K.en_US
dc.creatorShahrier, M.en_US
dc.creatorKarim, M.en_US
dc.creatorSarwer, R.H.en_US
dc.creatorPhillips, M.J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-03T07:17:51Z
dc.date.available2020-08-03T07:17:51Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationPenang, Malaysia: CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems. Program Report: FISH-2020-03.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12348/4257
dc.description.abstractAreas in southern Bangladesh share common economic prospects but also challenges. The vast region is already undergoing adverse effects from natural disasters, such as tropical cyclones and accompanying storm surges. Integrated farming, with poultry, fish and crops, can play a significant role in increasing manifold production, income, nutrition and employment opportunities for rural populations in the southern part of the country. This study covered fish, vegetable, poultry and fruit production, and the subsequent report presents the current homestead production pattern over five components: (1) productivity and profitability, (2) income, (3) nutrition, (4) gender and labor, and (5) integrating different homestead components for rural farm households. The report divides farming households into three landholding categories: functionally landless (fewer than 0.19 ha), small (0.2–0.6 ha) and marginal (more than 0.6–1.0 ha). For many of the households, homestead land was not only used for housing but also for producing food. Overall, 55% of households had a pond. Functionally landless households produced 1859 kg of fish per hectare, while small households produced 1309 kg and marginal ones 1578 kg. Year-round carp polyculture with extensive production was the most common management practice for aquaculture. Functionally landless households had the fewest perennial ponds, which indicates limited land restrictions for digging deeper and bigger ponds. Overall, small households had higher vegetable production (134 kg per household) than the other two groups and also used the most inputs per unit area. Average egg production per bird was 37. For meat, average production was 0.9 kg. Overall, milk production was 57 L per cow, and production consistently increased with larger landholdings. Fruit production was higher (89.5 kg per household) in low saline areas compared with the overall average across southern Bangladesh (45.8 kg per household). Functionally landless households depended more on off-farm incomes compared to the other two groups. Households in high saline areas tended to save more money, but they were highly vulnerable to national disasters. In some cases, households faced heavy rainfall for vegetables and disease epidemics among poultry and livestock. These create shocks and negatively affect production and economic conditions. The overall results revealed that integrated pond management (poultry, fish and vegetables) is an excellent approach for production and income generation to ensure the food security of poor rural households in the region.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherWorldFishen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.subjectsmall-scale farmersen_US
dc.subjectpond cultureen_US
dc.subjecthomestead farming systemen_US
dc.titleRole of homestead farming systems in the livelihoods and food security of poor farmers in southern Bangladeshen_US
dc.typeReporten_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationKabir, K. A. Bloomer, J. Shabrier, Md B. Sarwer, R. H. Karim, M. Philliips, M. (2020). Role of homestead farming systems in the livelihoods and food security of poor farmers in southern Bangladesh. Penang, Malaysia: CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems. Program Report: FISH-2020-03.
cg.contributor.crpFISHen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Officeen_US
cg.coverage.countryBangladeshen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouth Asiaen_US
cg.identifier.worldfish4771
cg.subject.agrovocfarming systemsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfood securityen_US
cg.subject.agrovoclivelihoodsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsmallholdersen_US
cg.subject.agrovocvegetable growingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocpoultry farmingen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Rice Research Instituteen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationWorldFishen_US
cg.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorKabir, K.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorShahrier, M.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorKarim, M.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorSarwer, R.H.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorPhillips, M.J.en_US
cg.description.themeSustainable aquacultureen_US
cg.creator.idMd. Bappy Shahrier: 0000-0001-9407-0859en_US
cg.creator.idManjurul Karim: 0000-0003-4280-3568en_US
cg.creator.idMichael John Phillips: 0000-0002-0282-0286en_US


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