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dc.creatorsmallhorn-west, P.en_US
dc.creatorGordon, S.E.en_US
dc.creatorDempsey, A.C.en_US
dc.creatorPurkis, S.J.en_US
dc.creatorMalimali, S.en_US
dc.creatorHalafihi, T.en_US
dc.creatorSouthgate, P.C.en_US
dc.creatorBridge, T.C.en_US
dc.creatorPressey, R.L.en_US
dc.creatorJones, G.P.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-28T09:00:55Z
dc.date.available2020-08-28T09:00:55Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationSmallhorn-West, P. et al. (2020). Tongan socio-environmental spatial layers for marine ecosystem management. Pacific Conservation Biology, online 22 August.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12348/4320
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental conditions and anthropogenic impacts are key influences on ecological processes and associated ecosystem services. Effective management of Tonga’s marine ecosystems therefore depends on accurate and up-to-date knowledge of environmental and anthropogenic variables. Although many types of environmental and anthropogenic data are now available in global layers, they are often inaccessible to end users, particularly in developing countries with limited accessibility and analytical training. Furthermore, the resolution of many global layers might not be sufficient to make informed local decisions. Although the near-shore marine ecosystem of Tonga is extensive, the resources available for its management are limited, and little is known about its current ecological state. Here we provide a marine socio-environmental dataset covering Tonga’s near-shore marine ecosystem as compiled from various global layers, remote sensing projects, local ministries, and the 2016 national census. The dataset consists of 11 environmental and 6 anthropogenic variables summarised in ecologically relevant ways, spatially overlaid across the near-shore marine ecosystem of Tonga. The environmental variables selected include bathymetry, coral reef density, distance from deep water, distance from land, distance from major terrestrial inputs, habitat, land area, net primary productivity, salinity, sea surface temperature and wave energy. The anthropogenic variables selected include fishing pressure, management status, distance to fish markets, distance from villages, population pressure and a socioeconomic development index based on population density, growth, mean age, mean education level and unemployment. We hope this extensive and accessible dataset will be a useful tool for future assessment and management of marine ecosystems in Tonga.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCSIRO Publishingen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-4.0en_US
dc.subjectconservationen_US
dc.subjectlife below wateren_US
dc.subjectcommunity-based managementen_US
dc.titleTongan socio-environmental spatial layers for marine ecosystem managementen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.crpFISHen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Officeen_US
cg.coverage.countryTongaen_US
cg.coverage.regionPolynesiaen_US
cg.identifier.worldfish4840
cg.subject.agrovocco-managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgisen_US
cg.subject.agrovocnatural resources managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocecosystemsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbiodiversity conservationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsmall-scale fisheriesen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccoastal fisheriesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmarine protected areasen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmarine ecologyen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationJames Cook University, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studiesen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationJames Cook Universityen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationWorldFishen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationKhaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundationen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationMinistry of Agriculture, Food , Forestry & Fisheries Departmenten_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of the Sunshine Coast, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, GeneCology Research Centre and Animal Health Innovationen_US
cg.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US
cg.identifier.ISIindexedISI indexeden_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorsmallhorn-west, P.en_US
cg.description.themeResilient small-scale fisheriesen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PC19032en_US
cg.creator.idpatrick smallhorn-west: 0000-0001-6782-3704en_US


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