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dc.creatorO'Meara, L.en_US
dc.creatorCohen, P.J.en_US
dc.creatorSimmance, F.en_US
dc.creatorMarinda, P.en_US
dc.creatorNagoli, J.en_US
dc.creatorTeoh, S.en_US
dc.creatorSmith, S.F.en_US
dc.creatorMills, D.J.en_US
dc.creatorThilsted, S.H.en_US
dc.creatorByrd, K.A.en_US
dc.identifier.citationO'Meara, L. Cohen, P. J. Simmance, F. et al. (2021). Inland fisheries critical for the diet quality of young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Global Food Security, 28: 100483.en_US
dc.description.abstractAnimal-source foods (ASF), such as fish, provide a critical source of nutrients for dietary quality and optimal growth of children. In sub-Saharan Africa, children often consume monotonous cereal-based diets, a key determinate of malnutrition such as stunting. Identifying existing sources of ASF for children’s diets will inform the development of nutritious food systems for vulnerable groups. Here we adopt a food systems framework (sensu HLPE, 2017) to examine links between aquatic- and terrestrial-based ASF sources with ASF consumption and dietary diversity in rural children aged 6-23 months in sub-Saharan Africa. Employing a novel approach, we merged existing geo-tagged nationally-representative datasets, including Demographic and Health Surveys for Malawi (2015-16, n=3995) and Zambia (2013-14, n=2333) with spatial data on proximity to inland fisheries (waterbodies ≥0.1km2) and formal markets. We found that children living closer to inland fisheries were more likely to consume fish and aquatic-based ASF, and exhibit higher dietary diversity. Children did not always consume more ASF if they lived were closer to a formal market or in a house that owned livestock. We found that inland fisheries are one of the most important sources of ASF for rural children in sub-Saharan Africa. We also demonstrate that secondary datasets provide a useful methodology for understanding the role of food systems for diets. As food systems transition, it is important that policy and programs preserve components of the existing food system – namely inland fisheries - to ensure the ongoing provision of nutrient-dense fish and aquatic-based ASF for the dietary quality of infants and young children.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier (12 months)en_US
dc.sourceGlobal Food Security;28,(2021)en_US
dc.subjectanimal-source foodsen_US
dc.subjectfood environmentsen_US
dc.subjectdiet diversityen_US
dc.titleInland fisheries critical for the diet quality of young children in sub-Saharan Africaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Organizationen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfood securityen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdeveloping countriesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfood systemsen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Greenwich, Natural Resources Instituteen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Zambiaen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationJames Cook University, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studiesen_US
cg.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.identifier.ISIindexedISI indexeden_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorCohen, P.J.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorSimmance, F.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorNagoli, J.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorTeoh, S.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorMills, D.J.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorThilsted, S.H.en_US
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorByrd, K.A.en_US
cg.description.themeResilient small-scale fisheriesen_US
cg.description.themeValue chains and nutritionen_US
cg.creator.idLydia O'Meara: 0000-0002-0670-5322en_US
cg.creator.idPhilippa Jane Cohen: 0000-0002-9987-1943en_US
cg.creator.idFiona Simmance: 0000-0001-9505-0198en_US
cg.creator.idJoseph Nagoli: 0000-0002-8919-1397en_US
cg.creator.idShwu Jiau Teoh: 0000-0001-7676-8583en_US
cg.creator.idDavid Jonathan Mills: 0000-0003-0181-843Xen_US
cg.creator.idShakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted: 0000-0002-4041-1651en_US
cg.creator.idKendra A Byrd: 0000-0003-4528-752Xen_US

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