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dc.creatorThornber, K.
dc.creatorVerner-Jeffreys, D.
dc.creatorHinchliffe, S.
dc.creatorRahman, M.M.
dc.creatorBass, D.
dc.creatorTyler, C.R.
dc.identifier.citationReviews in Aquaculture, online first July 8
dc.description.abstractAntimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to global public health, and the overuse of antibiotics in animals has been identified as a major risk factor. With high levels of international trade and direct connectivity to the aquatic environment, shrimp aquaculture may play a role in global AMR dissemination. The vast majority of shrimp production occurs in low- and middle-income countries, where antibiotic quality and usage is widely unregulated, and where the integration of aquaculture with family livelihoods offers many opportunities for human, animal and environmental bacteria to come into close contact. Furthermore, in shrimp growing areas, untreated waste is often directly eliminated into local water sources. These risks are very different to many other major internationally-traded aquaculture commodities, such as salmon, which is produced in higher income countries where there are greater levels of regulation and well-established management practices. Assessing the true scale of the risk of AMR dissemination in the shrimp industry is a considerable challenge, not least because obtaining reliable data on antibiotic usage is very difficult. Combating the risks associated with AMR dissemination is also challenging due to the increasing trend towards intensification and its associated disease burden, and because many farmers currently have no alternatives to antibiotics for preventing crop failure. In this review, we critically assess the potential risks the shrimp industry poses to AMR dissemination. We also discuss some of the possible risk mitigation strategies that could be considered by the shrimp industry as it strives for a more sustainable future in production.
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.sourceReviews in Aquaculture
dc.titleEvaluating antimicrobial resistance in the global shrimp industry
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.bibliographicCitationThornber, K. et al. (2019). Evaluating antimicrobial resistance in the global shrimp industry. Reviews in Aquaculture, online first July 8
dc.description.versionPeer Review
cg.contributor.funderBBSRC-funded Daphne Jackson Fellowship
cg.contributor.funderCRP FISH
cg.contributor.funderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council-Newton Babba
cg.contributor.funderEconomic and Social Research Council
cg.contributor.projectNovel molecular approaches for advancing prediction and mitigation of disease outbreaks in aquaculture for small scale farmers
cg.contributor.projectProduction without medicalisation: a pilot intervention in global protein production
cg.subject.agrovocantimicrobial resistance
cg.subject.agrovocprawns and shrimps
cg.subject.agrovocinternational trade
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeter
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeter
cg.contributor.affiliationCentre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeter
cg.identifier.statusOpen access
cg.identifier.ISIindexedISI indexed
cg.contribution.worldfishauthorRahman, M.M.
cg.description.themeSustainable aquaculture
cg.creator.idMuhammad Rahman: 0000-0002-7305-8292

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